2017. május 11., csütörtök

Personal aspect - protect privacy in research

There are ethical issues involved in the research process and therefore I find it important to write about them. The research questions are about peoples lives and working with them always requires courteous behavior. According to Mark Israel the author of the book Research Ethics for Social Scientists:
​”Ethical behavior helps protect individuals” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 2)

Researchers have to consider the wishes of the participants, for example: if they want to be anonymous, the researcher has to accept this. It is hard to separate the 'personal aspect' from other parts of life therefore the researcher needs to be very prudent. 

Qualitative research is concerned with privacy, therefore the researcher has to inform the participants about the research process and s/he has to also keep the research material, videos and data safe. The consent form has to include the topic and all of the information regarding the research; the form also needs to be signed by the participants.

As a dance teacher, I can keep the personal boarders required, in the dance classes but if I want to conduct research with my students. I have to gain an insight into the participants circumstances. There are different types of students and each of them has ther own individual story. Asking them about their personal lives implies ethical issues. 

Where is the ethical issue from?

Nuremberg code 
”Before the second world war most biomedical research was conducted on the small scale…and when patients trusted their physicians not to harm them, to do something positive for them.” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 27)

After the second world war the Nuremberg code gained more attention and set out 10 key principles for human experimentation. (Mark Israel, 2006)

The 1964 Helsinki declaration emphasised autonomy, like the Nuremberg code before it. (Mark Israel, 2006) It also included issues of privacy and informed consent etc. 

”The commission key ideas were summarized in a landmark 1979 document known as the Belmont report.” Which is”ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research.” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 34)

As a researcher I have to consider the ethical issues, it is more than merely asking people questions, it is official, therefore I have to follow the rules and behave diplomaticly and accordingly. 

Mark Israel, I. H. (2006). Research Ethics for Social Scientists. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

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